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  • [小学英语阅读理解带翻译【三篇】]小学英语阅读理解带翻译和答案

    时间:2018-11-09 14:11:48 来源:有好资料网 本文已影响 有好资料网手机站

    相关热词搜索:小学英语阅读理解带翻译【三篇】 英语阅读理解翻译10篇 英语阅读理解及翻译

    小学英语网权威发布小学英语阅读理解带翻译【三篇】,更多小学英语阅读理解带翻译【三篇】相关信息请访问小学英语网。

    【导语】海阔凭你跃,天高任你飞。愿你信心满满,尽展聪明才智;妙笔生花,谱下锦绣第几篇。学习的敌人是自己的知足,要使自己学一点东西,必需从不自满开始。以下是大范文网为大家整理的《小学英语阅读理解带翻译【三篇】》 供您查阅。

    【第一篇:读书之乐】

    Reading is a pleasure of the mind, which means that it is a little like a sport: your eagerness and knowledge and quickness make you a good reader. Reading is fun, not because the writer is telling you something, but because it makes your mind work. Your own imagination works along with the author"s or even goes beyond his. Your experience, compared with his, brings you to the same or different conclusions, and your ideas develop as you understand his.

      Every book stands by itself, like a one-family house, but books in a library are like houses in a city. Although they are separate, together they all add up to something; they are connected with each other and with other cities. The same ideas, or related ones, turn up in different places; the human problems that repeat themselves in life repeat themselves in literature, but with different solutions according to different writings at different times.

      Reading can only be fun if you expect it to be. If you concentrate on books somebody tells you "ought" to read, you probably won"t have fun. But if you put down a book you don"t like and try another till you find one that means something to you, and then relax with it, you will almost certainly have a good time--and if you become as a result of reading, better, wiser, kinder, or more gentle, you won"t have suffered during the process.

      【参考翻译】

      读书是愉悦心智之事。在这一点上它与运动颇为相似:一个优秀的读者必须要有热情、有知识、有速度。读书之乐并非在于作者要告诉你什么,而在于它促使你思考。你跟随作者一起想像,有时你的想象甚至会超越作者的。把自己的体验与作者的相互比较,你会得出相同或者不同的结论。在理解作者想法的同时,也形成了自己的观点。

      每一本书都自成体系,就像一家一户的住宅,而图书馆里的藏书好比城市里千家万户的居所。尽管它们都相互独立,但只有相互结合才有意义。家家户户彼此相连,城市与城市彼此相依。相同或相似的思想在不同地方涌现。人类生活中反复的问题也在文学中不断重现,但因时代与作品的差异,答案也各不相同。

      如果你希望的话,读书也能充满乐趣。倘若你只读那些别人告诉你该读之书,那么你不太可能有乐趣可言。但如果你放下你不喜欢的书,试着阅读另外一本,直到你找到自己中意的,然后轻轻松松的读下去,差不多一定会乐在其中。而且,当你通过阅读变得更加优秀,更加善良,更加文雅时,阅读便不再是一种折磨。

    【第二篇:月儿随我同行】

    When the Moon Follows Me(Mary E. Potter)

      Each of my sons made the discovery early. We would be riding in the car at night, and a little voice would call out from the back seat, “Hey, the moon is following us!” I would explain that the moon was not actually gliding along with our car. There would be another period of critical observation and the final verdict, delivered more quietly this time: “But it really is moving. I can see it.”

      I thought of that one evening as I was driving. The moon, one day short of fullness, rode with me, first gliding smoothly, then bouncing over the bumpy stretches, now on my right, then straight ahead, the silver light washing over dry grasses in open fields, streaking along through black branches, finally disappearing as the road wound its way through the hills.

      When I crested the hill in the village, there it was again —— grown suddenly immense, ripe, flooding the town with a sprawling light so magical I began to understand why it is said to inspire “looniness.” I could hardly wait to get back home to show the boys.

      Robert was in the bathtub, so I grabbed John. “ Close your eyes and come see what followed me home,” I said, hoping to increase the dramatic impact. I led him out into the night. “Okay. Open! Isn’t it beautiful?”

      John blinked a few times and looked at me as if I might, indeed, be loony. “Mom, it’s just the moon. Is this the surprise?” I suppose he was hoping for a puppy.

      I should have realized that, being only ten, he was probably too young to know how much we sometimes need the magic and romance of moonlight——a light that is nothing like the harsh glare of the sun that it reflects. Moonlight softens our faults; all shabbiness dissolves into shadow. It erases the myriad details that crowd and rush us in the sunlight, leaving only sharp outlines and highlights and broad brushstrokes——the fundamental shape of things.

      Often in the soothing, restorative glow we stare transfixed, bouncing our ambitions and hopes and plans off this great reflector. We dream our dreams; we examine the structure of our lives; we make considered decisions. In a hectic, confusing world, it helps to step out into a quiet, clear swath of moonlight, to seek out the fundamentals and eschew the incidentals.

      The night after I showed John the moon, he burst breathlessly through the door, calling, “Mom, come out for a minute!” This time, he led me, coatless and shivering. The driveway gravel crunched underneath our sneakers. From somewhere in the woods beyond the pond, the plaintive calls of geese honked and died away.

      Past the row of pine trees that line the road, the sky opened up with the full moon on it, suspended so precariously close that it might come hurtling toward us—— incandescent, even larger and more breathtaking than the night before, climbing its motionless climb over the molten silver of our pond. Even a ten-year-old could see this wasn’t just the moon. This was The Moon.

      When I turned around, John was grinning, expectant, studying my face intently to see if he had pleased me. He had. I knew that now the moon was following him too.

      月儿随我同行  (玛丽.E.波特)

      我的两个儿子各自都在很小的时候就有了那惊人的发现。每当我们驱车夜行的时候,后座上总会传来稚嫩惊奇的声音: “嘿,瞧!月亮实际上并没有跟在我们的汽车后面滑行。发出惊叹的孩子往往审视良久,终于得出定论,再一次用较冷静的口吻说: “它确实在动的嘛,我看得见的。”

      一天晚上,在驱车回家的途中,我想起了这件事儿。再过一天就要盈满的月亮随我一路同行;它先是平稳地滑行,继而又在崎岖的山路上跃动,忽而在我右边,忽而又跑到我的前头。银色的月光泼洒在旷野的枯草上,沿着一路黑黝黝的枝丛投下斑驳的光点,最后,当车道在山间绕了个弯,它便消失得无影无踪。

      当我的车开上村子里的小山顶时,月亮又出现了——突然变得硕大、饱满;神奇的银辉充盈四野,整个城镇都被淹没在溶溶的月色中。我这才开始明白,为什么人们会说月儿能激发起“疯狂”。我急不可待地赶回家,想让孩子们出来看看。

      罗伯特正在洗澡;于是我一把拉起约翰,说:“闭上眼睛,来看看什么东西随我回家了。”希望这样能增强戏剧性的效果。我牵着他走到户外的夜色中。 “行了,睁开眼睛!瞧,多美啊!”

      约翰眨巴眨巴双眼,盯着我看,仿佛我真的发疯了一样。“妈,不就是月亮嘛。这有什么稀奇的?”我猜他希望我带了只小狗回来。

      我本应该意识到这一点:他才十岁,也许还太小,弄不清我们有时是何等需要月光的魅力和浪漫,这种光和它所反射的太阳那耀眼的光芒是多么大相径庭。月光淡化了我们的各种缺点,所有的卑微都化解为依稀朦胧的阴影。它抹去了在阳光下充塞于我们周围、压迫着我们的无数细微的事物,只留下轮廓鲜明的剪影、最精彩的场面和粗线条的绘画——万物的基本形状。

      常常,在那令人屏神静气的光华中,我们注目凝视;这时,我们的雄心壮志、美好希望和宏伟蓝图便会从那了不起的反射物上跃然而出。我们做着五光十色的梦,考察我们的生活结构,作出深思熟虑的决定。在一个喧嚣、混乱的世界上,走进一片宁静、清新的月光,去寻循事物的根本,避开不期而至的变故,那可真是大有裨益。

      就在我让约翰看月亮的第二天晚上,他气喘喘地一头闯进屋来,喊道:“妈,快出来一会儿。”这一次是他牵着我。当时我没穿外衣,不由得一阵哆嗦。车道上的砾石被我们的旅游鞋踩得嘎嘎作响。从水塘彼岸的树林里不知什么地方传来几声鹅的哀鸣,转而又悠然消失。

      走过路边那排松树,天空豁然开朗,一轮满月晃晃悠悠地悬浮在上面,离我们那么近,仿佛就要掉下来撞到我们身上。它光华照人,比前一天晚上还大,更令人心驰神往,在熔银般的水塘上空悄悄地爬升。就连十岁的孩童也能看出,这不仅仅是个月亮。这是个大写的月亮。

      我转过身,只见约翰正咧着嘴笑,满脸期盼的神情;他热切的目光想从我的脸上探明他是否博得了我的欢心。他确实博得了我的欢心。我意识到现在月儿也正在随他同行。

      讲解

      这是一篇非常优美的关于月亮的散文,它将细腻的描写和真挚的情感及人生感悟交融在一起。翻译这样的文章,译者不仅要译出基本信息——字面上的意思,还要译出原文的韵味。这就需要在选词、句式安排及形象化词语的运用上仔细琢磨,不仅要注意字、句上的局部效果,更要注意段落、篇章的整体效果。

      就该篇译文而言,译者基本做到了形神合一。原文中不乏一些十分抽象的描写性的语言,然而译者能发挥自己的形象思维能力,用形象化的语言化解原文的抽象性描述带来的理解与认知上的困难,从而使译文更贴近译语读者的理解模式(比如原文第二、六、七自然段)。这种应用形象化语言替代抽象化描述语言的译法较广泛地应用于文学语篇的翻译,是翻译的难点,也正是这篇译作的最主要的长处。

      此外,在处理形容词方面,该译作也有值得鉴赏之处。形容词在描写文体中出现的频率颇高。在翻译形容词时,译者一是要准确理解形容词在特定的上下文及搭配中的含义,二是在用汉语表达时要顺应汉语行文及修辞规范。该原文出现了好几处多个形容词排放在一起的句式,如翻译时把握不好,很容易造成上下文不通顺的断句,严重时会造成上下文意义的断裂,从而导致歧义。这也是同学们在翻译实践中常犯的错误之一。该译者充分注意到了这方面的问题,在充分理解原文的基础上他还充分考虑到了汉语的表达习惯和修饰特点,并顺应之,使译文流畅自然。

      该译文采取的抽象描述语言形象化的处理以及翻译时侧重考虑译入语的表达习惯等其实体现了译者归化的翻译技巧的灵活应用。归化和异化是翻译时常用的方法。归化指译者采取透明、流畅的风格以尽可能减弱译语读者对外语语篇的生疏感的翻译策略;异化则指刻意打破目的语的行文规范而保留原文的某些异域特色的翻译策略。可以说,任何译文都是归化和异化翻译策略相互结合的产物,而归化尤为重要,因为对异域语言文化规范的接纳和吸收必须在本民族语言文化规范的根基上进行。

    【第三篇:任教印象】

    The main impression growing out of twelve years on the faculty of a medical school is that the No.1 health problem in the U.S. today, even more than AIDS or cancer, is that Americans don’t know how to think about health and illness. Our reactions are formed on the terror level.

      We fear the worst, expect the worst, thus invite the worst. The result is that we are becoming a nation of weaklings and hypochondriacs, a self-medicating society incapable of

      distinguishing between casual, everyday symptoms and those that require professional attention.

      Early in life, too, we become seized with the bizarre idea that we are constantly assaulted by invisible monsters called germs, and that we have to be on constant alert to protect ourselves against their fury. Equal emphasis, however, is not given to the presiding fact that our bodies are superbly equipped to deal with the little demons and the best way of forestalling an attack is to maintain a sensible life-style.

      【参考翻译】

      在医学院任教十二年来,我获得的主要印象是,当今美国头号健康问题——一个比艾滋病或癌症更为严重的问题——是美国人不知道如何去认识健康与疾病。我们的反应是惊恐万状。我们怕最坏的事,想着最坏的事,而恰恰就召来了最坏的事。结果 ,我们变成了一个孱弱不堪,总疑心自己有病的民族,一个分不清哪些是日常偶发症状,哪些是需要治疗的症状,而自己擅自用药的社会。

      我们年轻的时候还染上了一种奇怪的观念:一种肉眼看不见的叫做细菌的小妖怪在不断向我们进攻,我们必须长备不懈地保护自己不受其伤害。然而,对另一个重要事实,我们却未能给予同样的重视,那就是,我们的身体装备精良,足以对付这些小妖怪,而且防止妖怪进攻的最佳途径就是保持合理的生活方式。

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